Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from gum disease, which is a prevalent dental condition known as periodontal disease. It is a bacterial infection that damages the gums, ligaments, and bones that support the teeth. The good news is that gum disease can be treated and prevented if detected early on. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of gum disease, what causes it, and how to prevent it.
Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums, ligaments, and bones that support the teeth. It starts as gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease that causes inflammation of the gums. Failure to treat gum disease can result in the development of periodontitis, which is a severe form of the disease and can ultimately lead to the loss of teeth.
Poor oral hygiene is the main cause of gum disease. When you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque builds up on your teeth, which can lead to gum disease. Other factors that can increase your risk of gum disease include smoking and tobacco use, genetics, and underlying health conditions such as diabetes.
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, and it is essential to detect it early on to prevent it from progressing to periodontitis. Here are some signs of gum disease that you should watch out for:
Maybe you’ll be interested in : Enhancing your smile with periodontal plastic surgery!
Practicing good oral hygiene can effectively prevent gum disease. Here are some tips:
Gum disease is a common dental problem that can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. By practicing good oral hygiene, eating a healthy diet, and visiting your dentist regularly, you can prevent and treat gum disease.
If you experience any of the symptoms of gum disease, contact our Dr. Edgard El Chaar office right away to prevent it from progressing to periodontitis. Take care of your gums and teeth, and enjoy a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.
Chapple, I. L. C., & Genco, R. (2013). Diabetes and periodontal diseases: consensus report of the Joint EFP/AAP Workshop on Periodontitis and Systemic Diseases. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 40(S14), S106-S112. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Broomhead, T., Gibson, B., Parkinson, C., Vettore, M., & Baker, S. (2022, November 18). Gum health and quality of life—subjective experiences from across the gum health-disease continuum in adults. BMC Oral Health, 22(1). https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-022-02507-5
Van Dyke, T. E., & Sheilesh, D. (2005). Risk factors for periodontitis. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology, 7(1), 3-7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15736889/
Tonetti, M. S., Greenwell, H., & Kornman, K. S. (2018). Staging and grading of periodontitis: Framework and proposal of a new classification and case definition. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 45, S149-S161. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jcpe.12945